Manuscript Map of Dagua River Region, Colombia
This beautiful pen-and-ink and watercolor map shows the Dagua River and the town of Sombrerillo in what was then the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Grenada. The river empties into the Pacific Ocean near the present-day city of Buenaventura, Colombia. Sombrerillo was a “free town” populated by former slaves who had gained their freedom from the lowland mines and the highland haciendas of the region. The map is oriented with north at the bottom.
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Library of Congress
Campesinos of Cali, Province of Buenaventura
This watercolor by Manuel María Paz (1820−1902) shows three campesinos (Amerindian and mixed-race farmers or farm laborers) in a rural area of Cali, in what was then the province of Buenaventura in western Colombia. Cali is now the capital of Valle del Cauca Department. The watercolor is typical of Paz’s work, which captured the diversity of the population of New Granada and depicted the daily activities and traditional customs of the country’s different ethnic, racial, and social groups. Paz was born in Almaguer in the province of ...
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National Library of Colombia
View of the Mountains above Cali from a City Street, Province of Buenaventura
This watercolor by Manuel María Paz (1820−1902) shows the streets of Cali, formally known as Santiago de Cali, in western Colombia. The majestic mountains in the background to the west of the city, known as the Farallones (rocky cliffs), are a part of the Cordillera Occidental of the Colombian Andes. At the time the watercolor was made, Cali was a part of Buenaventura Province. It is now the capital of Valle del Cauca Department. The watercolor is typical of Paz’s work, which captured the diversity of the population ...
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National Library of Colombia
Mestizos of Cartago in a Roadside Shop, Province of Cauca
This watercolor by Manuel María Paz (1820−1902) shows a mestizo (of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry) couple inside their roadside shop, possibly a food stall, from which they are about to make a sale to a passer-by. The scene is set in Cartago in western Colombia, then in the province of Cauca but now a part of the department of Valle del Cauca. The watercolor is typical of Paz’s work, which captured the diversity of the population of New Granada and depicted the daily activities and traditional customs ...
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National Library of Colombia
Portrait of a Black Man from Cartago, Province of Cauca
This watercolor by Manuel María Paz (1820-1902) shows a black man in Cartago in what was then the Province of Cauca (present-day Valle del Cauca Department) in southwest Colombia. People of African descent were brought to Colombia by the Spanish as slaves and were an important part of the labor force from the early 16th century onward. Slavery was abolished in Colombia in 1851, two years before Paz made this painting. The watercolor is typical of Paz’s work, which captured the diversity of the population of New Granada and ...
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National Library of Colombia