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Gustavus Adolphus, by the Grace of God, King of the Swedes, Goths, and Vandals, the Great Prince of Finland, the Duke of Estonia and Karelia, and Lord of Ingria
During its age of imperial greatness in the 17th and early 18th centuries, Sweden was an important European power. Sweden’s rise in stature coincided largely with the 1611–32 reign of King Gustavus Adolphus. Under his leadership, Sweden increased its military capacity, seized significant territories on the continent of Europe, and championed Lutheranism at a time of great confessional strife. This copper engraving depicts the king at the zenith of his career. The engraving is by Lucas Kilian, a Dutch- and Italian-trained artist who lived most of his life ...