Narrow results:
Place
 Middle East and North Africa (15)
 Central and South Asia (3)
 East Asia (1)
Time Period
 1500 CE  1699 CE (11)
 500 CE  1499 CE (11)
 1700 CE  1799 CE (4)
 1850 CE  1899 CE (3)
 1800 CE  1849 CE (1)
Topic
 Algebra
 Arithmetic (11)
Additional Subjects
 Arabic manuscripts (15)
 Mathematics, Arab (11)
 Arabic poetry (4)
 Poetry (3)
 Inheritance and succession (2)
 Fractions (1)
 Ibn alHāʼim, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad, d. 1412. Muqniʻ fī ʻilm aljabr waalmuqābalah (1)
 Jesuits (1)
 Mathematics, Greek (1)
 Naskh script (1)
 Surveying (1)
 Trade (1)
 Trigonometry (1)
 Weights and measures (1)
Type of Item
 Manuscripts (14)
 Books (3)
Language
Institution
17 results
Unique Algebraic Remainders on the Sibṭ’s Commentary on the Yāsamīnīyya
This work is an elaboration of the commentary written by the Egyptian mathematician Sibṭ alMāridīnī—i.e., a commentary on another commentary—on the urjūzah (versified introduction) to the science of algebra, originally composed by the Berber mathematician and man of letters Abū Muḥammad ‘AbdAllāh alIshbīlī alMarrakushī, also known as Ibn alYāsamīn, who died in 1204 (600 AH). AlYāsamīn summarized his mathematical knowledge in a versified treatise known as the Yāsamīnīyya (The treatise by alYāsamīn). Around the end of the 15th century, alYāsamīn’s verses were the object of a ...


Work on Trigonometry
This work is a treatise on trigonometry by Li Madou, the Chinese name of the Italian Jesuit Matteo Ricci (1552–1610). Ricci left for China in 1581 and arrived in Macao in 1582. Together with Luo Mingjian (Michele Ruggieri, 1543–1607), he began his mission in Zhaoqing, Guangdong Province, where he published his Wan guo yu tu (Map of 10,000 countries), which was well received by Chinese scholars. He was expelled from Zhaoqing and went to Jiangxi, where in 1596 he became the superior of the mission. He lived ...


Guide to Operations on Irrational Radicals for Neophytes
This mathematical treatise by Muḥammad b. Abi alFatḥ Muḥammad b. alSharafī Abi alRūḥ ‘Īsā b. Aḥmad alṢūfī alShāfi‘ī alMuqrī, was written in 149192 (897 AH). It begins with a "General Introduction," followed by two main parts, with a concluding section on the study of cubes and cube roots. Part I, "Operations on Simple Irrational Radicals," is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 covers simplification of radicals. Chapters 2, 3, and 4 deal respectively with the multiplication, addition and subtraction, and division of radicals. Part II, on "Operations with Compound ...


Comprehensive Reference on Algebra and Equations
This manuscript is a didactic work on arithmetic and algebra, composed in versified form, as a qasīda of 59 verses. It was composed by Ibn alHā’im alFardī in 1402 (804 A.H.). The beginning of the work also names ‛Alī b. ‛Abd alSamad alMuqrī alMālikī (died Dhu alḤijja 1381 [782 A.H.]), a scholar and teacher who had come to Egypt and taught at the ‛Amr b. ‛As madrasa for several years. The main part of the qasīda begins by introducing and defining key terms in arithmetic and algebra ...


Commentary by Islam's Sheikh Zakariyya alAnsari on Ibn alHā’im's Poem on the Science of Algebra and Balancing Called the Creator's Epiphany in Explaining the Cogent
This work is a commentary on a versified, 59line introduction to algebra, entitled AlMuqni‘ fī aljabr wa almuqābila, by the prolific and influential mathematician, jurist, and man of letters Abū al‘Abbās Shihāb alDīn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī alMaqdisī alShāfi‘ī, known as Ibn alHā’im (circa 13561412 [circa 753815 AH]). It clarifies the nomenclature and explains the basic concepts of algebra, and provides succinct examples. The manuscript, completed on Thursday night, 8 Sha‘bān 1305 AH (March 21, 1888), is in the hand of Tāhā ibn Yūsuf.


Glosses of alHifnī on the Yāsamīnīyya
This work is an elaboration of the commentary written by the Egyptian mathematician Sibṭ alMāridīnī (i.e., a commentary on another commentary), on the versified introduction, or urjūzah, to the science of algebra, originally composed by the Berber mathematician and man of letters Abū Muḥammad ‘AbdAllāh alIshbīlī alMarrakushī, also known as Ibn alYāsamīn (died 1204 [600 AH]). Ibn alYāsamīn’s work has not been examined in detail by scholars, so the apparent inclusion in this treatise of original lines by Ibn Yasamīn is of great importance in studying his contribution ...


The Best of Arithmetic
This treatise on the art of arithmetic, completed in the late 1880s, opens a window into the early interaction between traditional and modern mathematical pedagogy in Egypt. The use of French loan words, such as million, along with some modern notation, indicates the author’s familiarity with developments in the teaching of arithmetic at the time. The work has an introduction followed by ten chapters and a conclusion. Following traditional praise for God, the Prophet Muhammad, and virtuous vanguards of learning, the treatise opens by introducing arithmetic as a useful ...


Glosses of alHifnī on the Yāsamīnīyya
The mathematical tradition that developed in North Africa during the Middle Ages continued to attract the interest of scholars in subsequent centuries. Medieval treatises were extensively read and made the subject of commentaries. In many cases, these commentaries became the object of other works—or supercommentaries—aimed at further clarifying the subject of the original treatises. This manuscript is an example of this phenomenon. In the 12th century, the North African mathematician ‘Abdallāh ibn Hajjāj ibn alYāsamīn summarized his mathematical knowledge in a versified treatise known as Yāsamīnīyya (The treatise ...


Quintessence of Calculation
The author of this mathematical treatise, Bahā' alDīn Al‘Amilī (1547–1621), is considered one of the leading intellectuals of 17thcentury Safavid Persia (presentday Iran). He was born in Baalbek (presentday Lebanon) but moved to Persia in his youth where he devoted his entire life to study. He excelled in various fields, leaving a legacy of more than 80 books on a wide variety of subjects that included theology and mysticism, astronomy, mathematics, poetry, and architecture. He wrote in both Persian and Arabic. He was the teacher of Mulla Sadra ...


The Shimmer of AlMāridinī in the Explanation of the Treatise by alYāsamīn
The present manuscript preserves a very elegant copy of a work by one of the most prolific authors of the second half of the 15th century in the field of mathematics and related subjects: Badr alDīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn alĠazal, best known as Sibṭ alMāridīnī ("the son of alMāridīnī’s daughter") from the name of his famous maternal ancestor, who was also a mathematician. The Lum‘a alMāridīnīyya is an extensive prose commentary on a famous poem on algebra composed by the Maghrebi mathematician alYāsamīn around the last ...


The Shimmer of AlMāridinī in the Explanation of the Treatise by alYāsamīn
The mathematical tradition that flourished in North Africa and Andalusia during the Middle Ages did not undergo the same decline that many scholars claim occurred in the sciences after the first half of the 13th century. The present work supports this point. The manuscript is a very elegant copy of a mathematical text by Badr alDīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn alĠazal, best known as Sibṭ alMāridīnī ("the son of alMāridīnī’s daughter") from the name of his famous maternal grandfather, who was himself a mathematician. Sibṭ alMāridīnī's mathematical ...


The Shimmer of AlMāridinī in the Explanation of the Treatise by alYāsamīn
The 12thcentury mathematical poem known as alYāsamīnīyya fī ‘ilm alJabr (The poem by alYāsamīn on calculus) from the name of its author, alYāsamīn, is one of the most read and commented upon mathematical texts of its time. Its verses have been extensively copied, both in autonomous form and by incorporation into larger commentaries up to the 20th century. The present manuscript preserves an early 20thcentury copy of the 15thcentury commentary on the Yāsamīnīyya written by Badr alDīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn alĠazal, best known as Sibṭ alMāridīnī ("the son ...


The Commentary of the Šayḫ, the Head, the Extremely Knowledgeable Aḥmad alŠāfiʻī alJanājī alMālikī on the Commentary of the Šayḫ alIslām Zakarīyā alAnṣārī on the Compendium on the Science of Algebra and Equations by Ibn alHāʼim
The Arabic mathematical tradition, which flourished during the Middle Ages, transmitted and enriched the knowledge derived from Greek and Indian sources. Arabic mathematicians further developed these studies, seeking to answer theoretical as well as practical problems. Medieval Arabic mathematical treatises were extensively copied, studied, and commented upon in subsequent centuries, as exemplified in this manuscript. This supercommentary (commentary on a commentary) by Aḥmad Muhammad alŠāfiʻī alJanājī alMālikī elucidates an earlier commentary by Zakarīyā ibn Muḥammad alAnṣārī (circa 1420–1519) on a work by Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad alFarāḍī ibn alHāʼim (circa ...


The Commentary of the Šayḫ, the Head, the Extremely Knowledgeable Aḥmad alŠāfiʻī alJanājī alMālikī on the Commentary on the Yāsamīniyya on the Science of Algebra and Equations by Sibṭ alMāridīnī
This supercommentary (commentary on a commentary) by Aḥmad Muhammad alŠāfiʻī alJanājī alMālikī testifies to the liveliness and endurance of the Arabic mathematical tradition and demonstrates the continuous exegetical effort in which Arabic scientists commented upon previous works with the aim of expanding and clarifying their contents. The North African mathematician ‘Abd Allāh ibn Ḥajjāj ibn alYāsamīn (died 1204) conveyed his mathematical knowledge in a poem known as Yāsamīnīyya (The treatise by alYāsamīn). AlYāsamīn’s verses became the subject of a prose commentary, the Lum‘a alMaridinīyya fī Šarḥ alYāsamīnīyya (The ...


The Essentials of Arithmetic
Bahaa alDin alAmili (1547–1621 AD; 953–1031 AH) is thought to have been born in Baalbek, Lebanon, but his family moved to Herat, presentday Afghanistan, to escape Ottoman persecution. He studied in Isfahan, in presentday Iran, and continued on to Aleppo, Jerusalem, and Egypt, before returning to Isfahan, where he served for many years as the chief judge and where he died. He produced more than 50 titles in fields as diverse as arithmetic, astronomy, literature, religion, and linguistics. Known for his poetry as well as his many encyclopedic ...


The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing
Born into a Persian family in Khuwarizm (presentday Xorazm Province, Uzbekistan), Muhammad ibn Musa alKhwarizmi (also known by the Latin form of his name, Algoritmi, circa 780–850 AD, 164–236 AH) was a Muslim mathematician, astronomer, and geographer, and a scholar in the famed House of Wisdom in Baghdad. AlKhwarazmi wrote Kitab alJabr walMuqabala (The compendious book on calculation by completion and balancing) around 830 AD, with the encouragement of Caliph AlMaamoun, the reigning Abbasid caliph of Baghdad in 813–33 AD. It is meant to be a useful ...


The Essentials of Arithmetic
Bahā’ alDīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‘Āmilī, also known as Sheiykh Bahā’ī, was a famous polymath and intellectual luminary of Safavid Persia. He was born in 1547 (953 AH) near the Jabal ‘Āmila in Syria. He migrated with his family to Persia (perhaps to escape the persecution of Shi'a Muslims at the hand of the Ottomans), where he eventually obtained an honored place at the court of Shāh ‘Abbās. He died in Isfahan in 1621 (1030 AH). A prolific author of works on astronomy, mathematics, fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence ...
