43 results in English
Representatives of the First Iranian Parliament
This photograph shows the representatives of the first Iranian Majles (parliament) in front of the military academy, which served as the first parliament building. In the 1870s–early 20th century, leading political figures in Iran concluded that the only way to save country from government corruption and foreign manipulation was to make a written code of laws, an attitude that laid the foundation for the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1905–7. The movement for a constitution bore fruit during the reign of Muẓaffar ad-Dīn Shah of the Qajar dynasty, who ...
Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906
This panoramic map shows Cumberland, Maryland, as it appeared in 1906. Located on the Potomac River in the western part of the state, Cumberland was an important transportation hub early in the nation’s history. It was the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, built between 1828 and 1850 to link the Ohio River with Chesapeake Bay. It was the starting point of the National Road (also known as the Cumberland Road), on which construction began in 1811, and which ran westward to Vandalia, Illinois. Cumberland later became ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
The Ocean of Rewards
Kitāb-i baḥr al-favāʼid (The ocean of rewards) is a literary-historical work written in a mixture of prose and verse styles and published in a lithographic version in Mashhad, Iran, in 1906. It chronicles social, cultural, and political events taking place in the second-half of the 19th century in Afghanistan and Persia, especially during the reigns of Afghan ruler ʻAbd al-Rahman Khan (1880−1901) and his Persian counterpart, Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar (1896−1907). The author, Muhammad Yusuf Riyazi Haravi, was from a family of bureaucrats; his father had served different ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Biography of Zou Rong
Zou Rong (1885−1905), whose original name was Zou Shaotao, was also called Guiwen and had the style name Weidan. He was a native of Baxian, Sichuan. He changed his name to Zou Rong while studying in Japan. In 1903 he published a little book entitled Ge ming jun (The revolutionary army), calling for the Chinese people to carry out revolution, overthrow the Manchu regime, and establish the Chinese republic. Zhang Taiyan (1868−1936), a Chinese philologist, philosopher, and also a revolutionary, wrote the preface. It was published in the ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Crown of Roses, Issue 17, January 1906
Klílā d-warde (Crown of roses) was a magazine issued in Mosul (present-day Iraq) between August 1904 and July 1908. It was published by the Dominican Fathers, in the neo-Aramaic language using an East Syriac script, which was common to the Chaldean Catholics of the region. It contained devotional articles, with occasional coverage of cultural topics. The magazine was produced by a small staff of clergy based in Mosul. The Dominican presence in the city goes back to 1750, when Pope Benedict XIV sent a group of Italian friars to establish ...
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The Starting Point of the Main Jing-Zhang Railway Line
This photograph shows the starting point of the main Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. On the left is a marker that reads, “Jing-Zhang Railway.” The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Guang'anmen Railway Station, Beijing
This photograph is not titled, but the inscription on the facade of the railway station reads, “Beijing Guang'anmen (also seen as Kuanganmen) Station.” The smaller Chinese characters along the right side read, “Summer of the Bingwu year (1906) of Guangxu reign,” and the characters on the left side read, “Written by Chen Zhaochang.” Chen (1867–1914) was designated by the Chinese government as the general manager for the General Railway Bureau and the Railway Engineering Bureau. Seen inside the station is an office, with a sign (written in Chinese ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The Number 14 Jianting Bridge
This photograph shows an overpass bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The bridge was located at Jianting. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of Shanghai. The construction had ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Qinghe Station
This photograph has no title, but the sign on the facade of the station reads, “Qinghe Station Chingho.” The smaller Chinese characters along the two sides read: “Summer of the Bingwu year (1906) of Guangxu reign,” and “Inscription by Chen Zhaochang.” Chen (1867–1914) was designated by the Chinese government as the general manager for the General Railway Bureau and the Railway Engineering Bureau. Seen inside the station is an office, with a sign (written in Chinese and English) indicating that this is the telegraph department. The photograph is from ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Shahe Station
This photograph has no title, but it shows the Shahe Station, located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The sign on the station facade, written in Chinese and in transliteration, states the station name. The smaller Chinese characters appearing along the two sides of the sign read: “Summer of the Bingwu year (1906) of Guangxu reign,” and “Inscription by Chen Zhaochang.” Chen (1867–1914) was designated by the Chinese government as the general manager for the General Railway Bureau and the Railway Engineering Bureau. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Side View of the Number 20 Xindian Bridge
This photograph shows a side view of the Xindian Bridge, located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. A man stands atop the bridge, under which is a dry riverbed. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Nankou Station
This photograph has no title, but it depicts the new Nankou Station, located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The sign on the facade of the station reads, “Nankou Station, Nankou.” The smaller Chinese characters read: “Summer of the Bingwu year (1906) of Guangxu reign,” and “Inscription by Chen Zhaochang.” Chen (1867–1914) was designated by the Chinese government as the general manager for the General Railway Bureau and the Railway Engineering Bureau. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Nankou Transport Machinery Company
The title of this photograph indicates that this building houses the Nankou Transport Machinery Company, located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. Standing in front of the building is a group of workers. At the front and center of the image is a tall structure used for loading and unloading freight. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Nankou General Railway Materials Works
This photograph shows the buildings of the Nankou General Railway Materials Works, situated at the foot of a mountain and near the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The sign on the door of the main building is illegible. On the right, workers stand in front of piles of packages. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Nankou Work Supervision Bureau
This photograph shows the building housing the office in charge of work supervision in Nankou, located near the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. There are no signs visible on the building. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Nankou Hotel
This photograph shows a hotel in Nankou, located near the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. A sign written in English is visible on a flag, reading, “Nankou Railway Hotel.” On the left column a sign reads, “Chinese and foreign hotel”; on the right column, “Nankou Company.” The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The Number 23 Xiunikeng Bridge
This photograph shows the Xiunikeng Bridge, located south of the Dongyuan railway station on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The bridge is surrounded by high mountains. On either side of the bridge is a strong white pier. Crossing the bridge is a railway maintenance car with four people inside. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The Number 24 Yaodinggou Bridge
This photograph shows the Yaodinggou Bridge, located along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. Along this railway, several bridges were built with arches, a construction method used to minimize damage to the bridges caused by the pounding of river waves during floods. The photograph also shows four workers in a railway maintenance car on the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The Number 27 Bridge, Outside of the South Entrance of the Juyongguan Pass Tunnel
This photograph shows the bridge located at the south entrance of the tunnel at Juyongguan Pass. This is one of the four tunnels excavated along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. In the background is the Great Wall of China. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The South Entrance of the Juyongguan Pass Tunnel
This photograph shows the south entrance of the tunnel at Juyongguan Pass. On the facade of the tunnel entrance is an inscription reading, “Juyongguan Tunnel.” On either side of the inscription are smaller Chinese characters that are illegible. This is one of the four tunnels along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. In the background is the Great Wall of China. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The North Entrance of the Juyongguan Pass Tunnel
This photograph shows the north entrance of the tunnel at Juyongguan Pass. On the facade of the tunnel entrance is an inscription reading, “Juyongguan Tunnel.” This is one of the four tunnels found along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The Great Wall of China is in the background. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Construction Site of the New Railway Switches at the Juyongguan Pass Station
This photograph shows a construction site at the railway station of Juyongguan Pass, located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line, and near the Great Wall of China. The construction crew seen here is working on new railway switches. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The Number 28 Sanqiaozi Village Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Sanqiaozi Village. This is a small bridge with one arch. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of ...
Contributed by National Library of China
West View of the Number 29 Siqiaozi Village Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at the village of Siqiaozi. This is a small bridge with one arch. The bridge is seen here from the west. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken ...
Contributed by National Library of China
East View of the Number 29 Siqiaozi Village Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Siqiaozi Village. This is a small bridge with one arch. The bridge is seen here from the east. On the wall of the bridge are posters with advertisements. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign ...
Contributed by National Library of China
South View of Juyong Shangguan
This photograph shows the south view of Juyong Shangguan, and the tracks of the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway. Five people are seen here working on the railroad tracks. The Great Wall of China is in the background. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in ...
Contributed by National Library of China
The Number 30 Juyong Shangguan Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Juyong Shangguan. Under the bridge is the dry riverbed, and a camel caravan can be seen. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 ...
Contributed by National Library of China
View of a Passing Train on the Number 32 Sanbao Inclined Bridge
This photograph shows an inclined bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Sanbao. A freight train is passing on the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of ...
Contributed by National Library of China
Panama Canal. Lock Canal Project Map
This large, detailed, and colorful map is from the collection of the Panama Canal Zone Library, which was transferred to the Library of Congress in 1978. This collection contains various maps, plans, and diagrams detailing the history of Panama and the construction of the Panama Canal over the ten-year period of 1904 to 1914. This map shows the line of the planned lock canal with the summit elevations at 85 feet (25.9 meters) and represents the work for the Isthmian Canal Commission by Chief Engineer John Stevens. Stevens oversaw ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
The Romance of an Eastern Capital
Francis Bradley Bradley-Birt (1874–1963), a member of the Indian Civil Service and a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society in London, wrote several books on British India and Persia. The Romance of an Eastern Capital is a history of the city of Dacca, present-day Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. Located on the Buriganga River, Dacca was, successively, under Buddhist, Hindu, Mughal, and British rule. This book traces the rise and fall of Mughal power, rivalry between the British and French for political and commercial influence in the city, the ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
The Colonial Expansion of French Congo
L’Expansion coloniale au Congo français (The colonial expansion of French Congo) is a study of the history, geography, population, administrative structures, and economy of Congo, published in 1906 in conjunction with the French Colonial Exposition in Marseille. In the years before World War I, France’s global empire, second in size only to Britain’s, was nearing its peak. The exposition was intended to glorify France’s civilizing mission as well as to highlight its profitable trade with the colonies, much of which passed through the port of Marseille ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
To the Woods!
This political cartoon by Clifford Kennedy Berryman (1869-1949) features President Theodore Roosevelt and the Teddy Bear character. Berryman, a cartoonist for the Washington Post, was responsible for the association between Roosevelt and the popular toy bear. In November 1902, Roosevelt took part in a bear hunt in Mississippi. In the course of the hunt, Roosevelt came upon a bear that had been wounded by the hunt’s dogs and at first refused to shoot it, but later ordered that the animal be killed to end its suffering. The Washington Post ...
Sarah Bernhardt: Puzzle in Ten Postcards Depicting Sarah in Her Different Roles
Sarah Bernhardt (1844-1923) was a French stage actress who was arguably the most famous actress of the 19th century. She deliberately cultivated an aura about herself using every form of media, earning such titles as “the Divine Sarah” and the “Sacred Monster.” In France and other countries, her image was endlessly circulated in paintings, engravings, photographs, statues, posters, advertisements, and satirical drawings. This puzzle, consisting of ten postcards, displays her silhouette in her most famous roles, female and male, tragic and dramatic. Throughout her career, Bernhardt reinterpreted many classic roles ...
Henry Solomon Wellcome: three-quarter length. Oil painting by Hugh Goldwin Riviere, 1906.
Henry S. Wellcome was born in 1853 to a poor farm family in Almond, Wisconsin. Upon his death in 1936, the Wellcome Trust, a British charity, was created. Many years later, it became the most highly endowed charity in the world, with assets of 15 billion pounds. Wellcome owed this achievement to his success as a pharmaceutical manufacturer and salesman. After training as a pharmacist at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, he went to England in 1880 to join his college friend S. Mainville Burroughs in a new pharmaceutical company ...
Contributed by Wellcome Library
Arrival of Emigrants [i.e. Immigrants], Ellis Island
This film, by Gottfried Wilhelm "Billy" Bitzer of the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was among the first films of this accomplished cameraman. It is reminiscent of contemporary films of Ellis Island shot by the Edison Manufacturing Company. It depicts scenes at the Immigration Depot and a nearby dock on Ellis Island. It appears to show, first, a group of immigrants lined up to board a vessel leaving the island, then another group arriving at the island and being directed off of the dock and into the depot by a ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Austria-Hungary
The Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918) was a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual empire governed by a dual monarchy that exercised Habsburg rule across Europe’s second largest sovereign territory. Although considered a Great Power in the concert of European nations, the empire was internally divided by internecine quarrels among its national minorities and ultimately broke up under the strains of World War I. This 1906 Rand McNally map shows the empire in the decade before its dissolution. William Rand founded the company that became Rand McNally in Chicago in 1856, initially to print guidebooks ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
View of the Damage from the Hurricane of 1906
The sixth hurricane of 1906 was one of 11 hurricanes or tropical cyclones that Atlantic hurricane season. The storm made landfall on September 27, 1906, west of Biloxi, Mississippi, but wreaked its greatest damage from Mobile, Alabama to Pensacola, Florida. The Category 4 hurricane was the most destructive storm to strike the Pensacola area in 170 years. Winds in excess of 105 miles (170 kilometers) per hour stretched past the city and port of Pensacola, and Escambia Bay in the Gulf of Mexico saw a storm surge as high as ...
The Ivory Coast
La Côte d’Ivoire is a comprehensive study of the French colony, published in 1906 in conjunction with the French Colonial Exposition in Marseille. In the years before World War I, France’s global empire, second in size only to Britain’s, was nearing its peak. The exposition was intended to glorify France’s civilizing mission as well as to highlight its profitable trade with the colonies, much of which passed through the port of Marseille. The book consists of four parts. Part one recounts the history and political constitution ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Guinea
This study of the history, geography, population, administrative structures, and economy of French Guinea was published in 1906, in conjunction with the French Colonial Exposition in Marseille. In the years before World War I, France’s global empire, second in size only to Britain’s, was nearing its peak. The exposition was intended to glorify France’s civilizing mission as well as to highlight its profitable trade with the colonies, much of which passed through the port of Marseille. Wedged between Portuguese Guinea to the north and British-controlled Sierra Leone ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
The Keys to the Heavens: An Explanation of “Islamic Law”
Mafâtîh al-Jinân: Šharh Šhir’at al-Islam (The keys to the heavens: An explanation of “Islamic law”) is a commentary on the work Šhir’at al-Islam (Islamic law) by Mohammad ibn Abu Bakr al-Jughi (1098–1177). Al-Jughi was known as Imam Zadeh, a scholar and an imam in Bukhara (present-day Uzbekistan). The commentary, by Ya’kub ibn Sayyid ali al-Burssawi (died circa 1524), is an extensive book that discusses belief, manners, and daily practices in an Islamic framework. The work consists of 61 sections, called books. Special attention is paid ...
Theodore Roosevelt Speaking in Panama, November 1906
In November 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt went to Panama to inspect progress on construction of the Panama Canal, the first time a sitting U.S. president had left the United States to visit a foreign country. This film shows the welcoming ceremony for Roosevelt at the cathedral in Panama City. Roosevelt, President Manuel Amador Guerrero of Panama, and two unidentified men are seen arriving and standing on a platform on the steps of the cathedral. There is also a shot of two women arriving at the ceremony, one of whom ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Theodore Roosevelt's Arrival in Panama, November 1906
In November 1906 President Theodore Roosevelt went to Panama to inspect progress on construction of the Panama Canal, the first time a sitting U.S. president had left the United States to visit a foreign country. This film shows the welcoming ceremony for Roosevelt at the cathedral in Panama City. There are views of the processional, including a marching band and escorts on horseback, as spectators gather. Roosevelt, President Manuel Amador Guerrero of Panama, and two unidentified men are seen arriving and standing on a platform on the steps of ...
Contributed by Library of Congress