21 results in English
Paul and Virginia
In 1788, Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre (1737−1814) published a rather short novel, Paul et Virginie (Paul and Virginia), which recounts the youth of two children, who are raised as brother and sister by their mothers on the edge of society, on the island of Mauritius (at that time a French colony known as Île de France). The children’s paradise unravels as they enter their teenage years and their awakening sensuality taints their innocent affection. Virginia is sent to Europe by her mother, who seeks to keep her away ...
The Wonders of Creation
ʻAjāʼib al-makhlūqāt wa-gharāʼib al-mawjūdāt (The wonders of creation, or literally, Marvels of things created and miraculous aspects of things existing) by Zakriya ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini (circa 1203−83) is among the best known texts of the Islamic world. It is often referred to as “The Cosmography.” The work begins with an introduction, and is followed by two sections, the first on supra-terrestrial, the second on terrestrial creatures. Al-Qazwini concludes his work with a section on monsters and angels. The genre of Aja’ib al-makhluqat (The wonders of creation), of which ...
Contributed by Wellcome Library
Osceola of Florida, Drawn on Stone by Geo. Catlin, from his Original Portrait
Osceola was a Seminole war chief who led the resistance to the campaign by U.S. federal troops to forcibly resettle his tribe to territory west of the Mississippi River. Known as the Second Seminole War (1835-42), this was one of the most destructive campaigns by federal authorities against American Indians. Despite outnumbering the Seminoles ten to one, the U.S. troops failed to secure a quick victory. They then turned to desperate measures and deception, including capturing and imprisoning Osceola under the pretence of negotiating a truce. The American ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
A Voyage Round the World, Including an Embassy to Muscat and Siam in 1835, 1836, and 1837
In 1832, U.S. president Andrew Jackson, acting on the advice of Secretary of the Navy Levi Woodbury, dispatched Edmund Roberts as a “special agent of the government,” empowered to negotiate treaties of amity and commerce with countries in Asia. The objective was to expand trade between these countries and the United States. Between early 1832 and May 1834, Roberts circumnavigated the globe. In the course of his journey, he negotiated treaties with the Sultan of Muscat (Oman) and the King of Siam (Thailand). Following his return to the United ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Florida Constitution of 1838
On December 3, 1838, delegates from across the Territory of Florida gathered in the town of Saint Joseph to draft a constitution in preparation for statehood. Although Saint Joseph was to disappear from the map within a decade, after suffering a devastating hurricane and repeated outbreaks of yellow fever, the work of the constitutional convention survived, resulting in this document. The 1838 constitution established a one-term governor, a bicameral legislature, tight restrictions on banking (a response to the national banking crisis of 1837), and a strict separation of church and ...
Festering Cancer Spreads Evil Influence
This work is a manuscript copy with a table of contents, but without a preface, which takes its title from the cover of the first volume. The work has six juan in six volumes and contains memorials written by Qing official Huang Juezi (1793–1853), who played an important role during the First Opium War (1839–42). In the first memorial, dated the 18th year of the Daoguang reign (1838), he recommended the enactment of drastic laws to prohibit opium. The memorial was sent to all high administrative officials in ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Eight Sights in the Environs of Edo
This work is a series of nishiki-e (Japanese multicolored woodblock prints) that depict eight scenic spots around Edo (present-day Tokyo). The series, dating from about 1838, is one of the greatest artistic masterpieces from among the many woodblock prints of Utawaga Hiroshige I (1797–1858). The work consists of: Azuma no mori yau (Night rain at Azuma no mori); Haneda rakugan (Wild geese alighting at Haneda); Gyōtoku kihan (Returning sailboats near Gyōtoku); Sibaura seiran (Mountain vapor at Shibaura); Ikegami banshō (Evening bell at Ikegami); Koganei-bashi sekisho (Evening glow at Koganei-bashi ...
Contributed by National Diet Library
A View of the Fairmount Water Works with Schuylkill in the Distance. Taken from the Mount
This 1838 print shows a view from the Fairmount neighborhood in Philadelphia, looking west toward the Schuylkill River, and prominently features part of the Fairmount Water Works. Several elegantly-attired visitors traverse the site. In the foreground, individuals, including a couple, descend a walkway that leads to the gazebo on the mount. Within the pavilion, a number of men and women enjoy the vista seen from over the roof of the millhouse. A figure adorns the top of the open air gazebo. Individuals descend the walkway and stairs that lead from ...
A View of the Fairmount Water Works with Schuylkill in the Distance. Taken from the Mount
This hand-colored lithograph from around 1838 shows a view looking northwest from the Fairmount neighborhood in Philadelphia; it prominently features the Fairmount Water Works on the Schuylkill River, including the engine house, millhouse, race bridge, and mound dam. Bushes, trees, and rocks dominate the foreground. Visitors stroll on the grounds near the engine house and on the promenade of the millhouse. On the right, a man stands in a gazebo on the partially-visible mount. The house of the superintendent of the Schuylkill Navigation Company is on the wooded west bank ...
Destruction by Fire of Pennsylvania Hall. On the Night of the 17th May, 1838
This dramatic print shows the destruction of Pennsylvania Hall, a large building that was constructed in 1837–38 at Sixth and Haines Streets in Philadelphia as a meeting place for local abolitionist (antislavery) groups. Dedication ceremonies began on May 14, 1838, and continued over several days in a climate of growing hostility from anti-abolitionist forces in the city. On the night of May 17, 1838, an anti-abolitionist mob stormed the hall and set it on fire. Fire companies refused to fight the blaze, and the building was completely destroyed. A ...
Girard College
This lithograph shows a view of Founder's Hall at Girard College in Philadelphia, which was constructed in 1833–47 from designs by Philadelphia architect Thomas Ustick Walters. The hall occupied a site between what became Girard Avenue and Ridge Avenue at Corinthian Avenue. Girard College was established through a bequest from Stephen Girard, a Philadelphia financier and philanthropist, for the creation of a school for poor white male orphans. The illustration is by John Caspar Wild (circa 1804–46), a Swiss-born artist and lithographer, who arrived in Philadelphia from ...
Pennsylvania Hall
This print is an exterior view of the abolitionist meeting place and adjacent buildings at Sixth and Haines Streets in Philadelphia. Several pedestrians stroll the sidewalks. A carriage and horse-drawn cart pass by on the street. The hall, erected in 1838 as an arena for "free discussion," was set aflame by hostile mobs on May 17, 1838, after three days of dedication ceremonies and services involving both free blacks and white abolitionists. The ruins of the building continued to stand until the Odd Fellows Society built a hall on the ...
Fairmount Waterworks. Pictorial Embellishment of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier
This lithograph of the Fairmount Waterworks, on the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, shows one of America’s earliest municipal water-treatment systems. Powered consecutively by steam engines, waterwheels, and pumps that lifted water to reservoirs on a hill (Faire Mount), the waterworks and its beautiful setting were a tourist attraction from the beginning. The plant was designed by Frederick Graff, and the result was an innovative engineering success and beautiful buildings reflecting the contemporary fashion for Greek Revival architecture. This print is by John Caspar Wild (circa 1804-46) a Swiss-born artist ...
U.S. Mint, Philadelphia
This lithograph print shows the second building of the United States Mint, which needed more space for its rising production than was afforded by its first structure. The new Mint opened in 1833 and was designed by William Strickland (1788–1854) in the early Greek Revival style. It is a simple building with two stories and a basement. Its wide flight of stairs, portico, and Ionic columns appear both dignified and inviting. The print is by John Caspar Wild (circa 1804−46) a Swiss-born artist and lithographer, who arrived in ...
United States Bank, Chestnut Street, Philadelphia
This lithograph shows the United States Bank, also called the Second Bank of the United States (because it was the second federally authorized national bank), on the 400 block of the south side of Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. Its functions included regulation of the currency and handling fiscal transactions for the U.S. government. The bank was constructed in 1818−24 to designs by Philadelphia architect William Strickland (1787–1854) and was one of the first Greek Revival buildings in the country, apparently modeled on the Parthenon in Athens. The building ...
Christ Church, Philadelphia
This print shows an exterior view of Christ Church, located at 22–34 North Second Street in Philadelphia, as it appeared in the 1840s. Founded in 1695, Christ Church was the first parish of the Church of England in Pennsylvania and also the birthplace of the American Episcopal Church. The original church was a small brick and wooden structure that fit in with the Quaker-dominated surroundings of the late 1600s. Construction of the building depicted in this print began in 1727 and was completed in 1744. The steeple, financed by ...
Merchant's Hotel, Number 38, North Fourth Street, Philadelphia
This advertisement shows the front facade of the five-story hotel with balcony built in 1837 at 38 North Fourth Street in Philadelphia after the designs of William Strickland (1788–1854). The name of the proprietor, Sanderson, i.e., Joseph M. Sanderson, adorns the entranceway. Also shown is the hat shop of Lazel Elmes, a tenant in the building. A display of hats adorns the doorway to the shop. Merchant's Hotel was a premier early 19th-century hotel that was visited by several presidents and used as the presidential campaign headquarters ...
Panorama of Philadelphia from the State House Steeple. East
This print is a panoramic view of Philadelphia as seen looking east toward the Delaware River from the State House (Independence Hall) steeple. The area of the city shown is mainly east of Fifth Street between Arch and South Streets. The numbered key indicates 11 landmarks visible in the print: (1) the Court House, i.e. City Hall; (2) the Philadelphia Library, i.e., Library Company of Philadelphia; (3) United States Bank, i.e., Second Bank of the United States; (4) Philadelphia Bank; (5) Girard Bank; (6) Pennsylvania Bank; (7 ...
Panorama of Philadelphia from the State House Steeple. North
This print is a panoramic view of Philadelphia as seen looking north toward North Philadelphia from the State House (Independence Hall) steeple. The area of the city shown is mainly north of Chestnut Street between the Delaware River and 25th Street. The numbered key indicates five landmarks visible in the print: (1) Saint Augustine Church; (2) Girard College; (3) Zion Church; (4) Franklin Square, between Race, Vine, North Sixth, and North Franklin Streets; and (5) Pennsylvania Hall. The north side of the 500 block of Chestnut Street, with several businesses ...
Panorama of Philadelphia from the State House Steeple. South
This print is a panoramic view of Philadelphia as seen looking south toward the Delaware River from the State House (Independence Hall) steeple. The area of the city shown is mainly between Independence Square, the river, and about 8th Street. The numbered key indicates seven landmarks visible in the print: (1) the Navy Yard at Southwark; (2) Shot Tower; (3) Philadelphia Prison, i.e., Moyamensing Prison; (4) Albert Barnes Church, i.e., First Presbyterian Church; (5) Pennsylvania Hospital; (6) Washington Square, between Sixth, Eighth, Walnut, and Spruce Streets; and (7 ...
Panorama of Philadelphia from the State House Steeple. West
This print is a panoramic view of Philadelphia as seen looking west toward West Philadelphia past the Schuylkill River. It mainly shows the area of the city between Arch Street and Gray's Ferry Avenue. Printed below the image is a partial key to eight of 15 (1-4, 8-12) landmarks visible in the print: (1) U.S. Naval Asylum; (2) [Blockley] Alms House; (3) Peale's Museum; (4) Walnut Street Theatre; (5) Cook's Circus, i.e., Thomas Cooke's equestrian circus; (6) Saint John's Church, i.e., Saint ...