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Memorials of Zhao Wenhua on Quelling the Pirates
This work is a collection of 28 memorials by Zhao Wenhua (died 1557), a high official in the late Ming period, later disgraced. According to his biography in Ming shi (Ming history), Zhao received his jin shi degree in 1529. While working at the Office of Transmission, he submitted a proposal for a satellite city to the capital. Soon afterwards he was promoted to the Bureau of Public Works. When pirates caused disturbances in southeast China, Zhao submitted seven memorials (project reports, proposals, or admonitions), each containing a plan for ...
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Library of Congress
Royal Coin, Francis I. Sample Teston
This gold sample teston (16th-century French silver coin) representing the King Francis I (1494–1547; reigned, 1515–47) of France is one of the most characteristic monetary expressions of the Renaissance. The realistic portrait, classical inspiration, significant relief, and weight of the piece are all features that represent a break from the money of medieval times. The 19th-century numismatist, Henri de La Tour, showed that this 1529 coin was the work of Matteo del Nassaro (circa 1490–1547), an Italian artist from Verona who first entered the service of Francis ...
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National Library of France
The Comprehensive Book on Medicine
Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi (also known by Latinized versions of his name, Rhazes or Rasis, circa 865–925) was a Persian polymath, physician, and philosopher who made major and lasting contributions to the fields of medicine, music, philosophy, and alchemy and was the author of more than 200 books and treatises. He was known in the fields of both medicine and chemistry and undertook chemical experiments to create medicines to treat particular diseases. He followed a scientific approach in his research using the methods of monitoring and observation ...
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Qatar National Library