64 results in English
The Complete World Map
The author of this work is unknown. The name of the person who copied the manuscript appears at the end of the work, signed Zhou Yousheng. Some have attributed authorship to Ai Nanying (1583–1646), a late-Ming essayist and literary critic, who wrote a work entitled Yu Gong tu zhu (Explanatory text to the map of the Yu Gong), the central concept of which was the traditional Chinese view on geography. According to that view, Yu of the Xia dynasty (circa 2070–circa 1600 BC) divided the Middle Kingdom into ...
Contributed by National Central Library
The Administrative Maps of the Ming Dynasty (Incomplete Copy)
The author of this work was Chen Zushou (died 1637), a late-Ming literary author. A native of Yanling (present-day Changzhou, Jiangsu Province), Chen Zushou received his jin shi degree in 1634 and became, in the following year, an official at the Bureau of Operations, one of the four bureaus in the Ministry of War. In 1636, while working at the ministry, he wrote this book, based on a large number of earlier works and contemporary local records, including maps. The original edition, very rich in content, had three juan in ...
Contributed by National Central Library
Hygiene and Public Health in Japan, Chosen and Manchuria. Report on Conditions Met with During the Tour of the League of Nations Interchange of Health Officers
As part of its work in the area of international health, the League of Nations organized the “Interchange of Health Personnel” for the purpose of affording “opportunity to Health Officers of different countries for seeing the organization of and equipment of, and the methods employed by the health services of the country visited….” In October–December 1926, a delegation led by A.R. Wellington, senior health officer in the Federated Malay States (present-day Malaysia), undertook a tour of health facilities in Japan, Korea (then under Japanese rule and known as ...
China, with Korea and Parts of Tartarstan: the Closest Parts, from the Maps Drawn by Jesuit Missionaries in the Years 1708 to 1717
Between 1708 and 1717, Jesuit missionaries resident in China supervised a comprehensive survey of the Chinese empire at the request of the emperor. Cartographic materials produced by this survey were brought from China to Paris, where they were used by Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (1697−1782), the great cartographer, geographer, and map collector, to compile his Nouvel atlas de la Chine, de la Tartarie Chinoise et du Thibet (New atlas of China, Chinese Tartary, and Tibet). This atlas was published in Holland in 1737 as a companion work to Father ...
Korea
This photograph of a Korean woman and her daughter in traditional costume is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855-1924) was an American writer of books on travel and world geography whose works helped to popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the United States in the early years of the 20th century. Consisting of photographs taken and gathered by Carpenter and his daughter Frances (1890-1972) to illustrate his writings, the collection includes an estimated 16,800 photographs and 7,000 glass ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
South Korea, View of Palace in Seoul
This image, showing a view of a palace in Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk  between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “View of palace, section of Seoul looking east.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the only person ...
South Korea, Man Sitting in Library of American Diplomatic Residence
This image of a well-dressed man sitting in a chair in the library of the U.S. diplomatic residence in Korea is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Chung-Phyong-Ha, guest and friend in the library of the legation.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to ...
South Korea, Buddhist Rock Carvings
This image, showing a landscape and Buddhist rock carvings in South Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Buddhist remains, rock carving near Nani-Won; Choula-Do.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the only person ...
South Korea, Juhamnu Pavilion in Front of Buyongji Pond in Changdok Palace in Seoul
This image highlights the Juhamnu pavilion, part of the Changdeokgung, or Changdok palace, in Seoul, Korea. Standing in the foreground, a man identified as Lieutenant Milligan is seen rolling a cigarette. This is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Changdeokgung was built in the 15th century as a secondary palace after the primary palace of Gyeongbokgung. Both palaces were burned down during the Japanese invasion in 1592, and ...
South Korea, Man Standing in Front of American Diplomatic Residence
This image, showing a Korean man standing in front of the U.S. diplomatic residence in Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “I-Shiryom, a friend, Chusa of the F.O. [Foreign Office], taken at the U.S.L. [U.S. Legation], front of dwelling, July 1885.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat ...
South Korea, Man on Pony
This image, showing a man seated on a pony and surrounded by three other men, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Korea, Chin-Yong-Meuk, (interpreter) and attendants in street, marching order.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean ...
South Korea, Dancers Performing Tongyong Drum Dance (Victory Dance)
This image, showing four female Korean dancers, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Kisaing dancing girls of the Governors House at Chung Ju-Choula Province, taken as they were about to execute a drum dance for my edification.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to ...
South Korea, Visitors at American Diplomatic Residence in Seoul
This image, showing two men at the legation of the United States in Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The diplomatic residence, estimated to have been built prior to 1883, was the first foreign legation building erected in Seoul. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “I-Shi Ryon and Chung-Phyong-Ha; visitors at USL.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S ...
South Korea, Archery Practice in Pukhan Mountain Fortress
This image, showing a large group of men, some with archery bows, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Archery drill in the Puk-Han (mountain fortress); visited with commander-in-chief, May 31, 1885.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a ...
South Korea, City View in Seoul
This image, a landscape showing trees and the city walls of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Middle section of Seoul.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the only person in U ...
South Korea, View of Countryside
This image, showing a view of the Korean countryside, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Rice paddies, country houses, and rice revenue shipping port, Kang Pyong-Po on Kum river.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation ...
South Korea, View of Northern Part of Seoul
This image, showing a landscape of trees and buildings in the northern part of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Northern section, view of Seoul.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the ...
South Korea, Wait Staff at Diplomatic Residence
This image, showing a member of the wait staff at the U.S. legation, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Bob, table boy, Korean jewel of the legation.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as ...
South Korea, City View in Seoul
This image, showing a stone wall and beyond it, the city of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “South of middle section, Seoul.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the only person ...
South Korea, American Legation Secretary and Staff
This image, showing William Woodville Rockhill and his staff, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Korea, Secretary Rockhill and staff; U.S. Legation, December 11, 1886.” Rockhill was a U.S. diplomat who served in China and was a leading scholar in Chinese and Tibetan studies. Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in ...
South Korea, Governor of Chula Province
This image, showing a group of Koreans surrounding one man who is prominently seated in the center, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “The governor (Kamsa) of Chula province, taken at Chong do, November 1884.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country ...
South Korea, View of Seoul From West to East
This image, showing a view of the city of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “View over centre of Seoul, from west to east." Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the only ...
South Korea, Road to China in Seoul
This image, showing a road next to a group of homes in the city of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Road to China from west gate, Seoul. At a point where king meets foreign ambassadors.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent ...
South Korea, Prince Min Yong Ik and Diplomats
This image, showing a group of Korean and American diplomats (including Prince Min Yong Ik, minister plenipotentiary), is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Special mission from Korea to U.S.A., 1883. Prince Min Yong Ik, minister plenipotentiary. From left to right, bottom row: Hong Yong Sik (vice minister), Prince Min Yong Ik (minister plenipotentiary), Soh Kong Pom (secretary to ...
South Korea, Great South Gate in Seoul
This image, showing the pagoda-style south gate in the stone wall surrounding the city of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The south gate, Sungnyemun, commonly known as Namdaemun, is designated as National Treasure Number One in South Korea. Completed in 1398, the gate was one of four main gates in the defensive stone wall surrounding the capital. Goods flowed into the city through the ...
South Korea, Section of City Outside Wall in Seoul
This image, showing a view of a section of Seoul, Korea that is located outside the defensive stone wall, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Northwest section of Seoul outside the wall, view taken east of south gate.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent ...
South Korea, View of Huwon (Garden) in Changdok Palace in Seoul
This image, showing a group of men standing in a garden on the grounds of Changdeokgung, or Changdok palace, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Changdeokgung was built in the 15th century as a secondary palace after the primary palace of Gyeongbokgung. Both palaces were burned down during the Japanese invasion in 1592, and Changdeokgung was the first to be rebuilt in the early 17th century (under ...
South Korea, Prince Min Yong Ik, Korean Officials and American Naval Officers
This image, showing a group of Korean and American officials (including Prince Min Yong Ik, minister plenipotentiary), is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image identifies the men from left to right, and reads: “Number 3 is Lieutenant T.W.B. Mason, U.S. Navy; number 1 is Prince Min Yong Ik (minister plenipotentiary); number 4 is Percival Lowell (escort from Japan to ...
South Korea, Military Policeman in Kwangju
This image, showing a Korean military police official, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “The chung-kim (police military official ) of Kang-Ju, capital of Chung Chong province.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the only ...
South Korea, Man on Pony
This image, showing a man seated on a pony with another man standing alongside, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Chin-Yong-Meuk, interpreter and companion of G.C.F. (Ensign George C. Foulk, U.S. Navy) from May 1884–January 1887. U.S. Legation.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the ...
South Korea, View of Changdok Palace Complex in Seoul
This image, showing the grounds of Changdeokgung or Changdok palace, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1883 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Changdeokgung was built in the 15th century as a secondary palace after the primary palace of Gyeongbokgung. Both palaces were burned down during the Japanese invasion in 1592, and Changdeokgung was the first to be rebuilt in the early 17th century (under Korean kings Sonjo  and Kwanghae Kun ), after which it ...
South Korea, Aerial View of Seoul
This image, showing an aerial view of the city of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “View of Seoul, looking down from top of S. Mountain.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as ...
South Korea, King Kojong of Korea at Age 30
This image, showing King Kojong (1852-1919) of Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1884 and 1885 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “The king of Korea on his throne, age 30 years.” King Kojong was the 26th king in the Choson Dynasty. He was crowned king in 1864 at the age of 11, with his father initially serving as regent. Kojong declared himself emperor in 1897. He was ...
South Korea, City View in Seoul
This image, showing a view of the city of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “View of Seoul looking north from gap in S. Mountain.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the ...
South Korea, Diplomat and Staff at American Embassy
This image, showing a group of men at the U.S. legation in Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image identifies the men from left to right: “Korea, U.S. Legation: Su-il (head of house), Chin-Yong-Meuk (interpreter), G.C.F. (Ensign George C. Foulk, U.S. Navy, charge d'affaires), and Koin Su (messenger).” Foulk was a young naval officer who ...
South Korea, View of Southwest Part of Seoul in Sight of Great South Gate
This image, showing the city of Seoul, Korea, the surrounding stone wall, and the pagoda-style south gate, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The south gate, Sungnyemun, commonly known as Namdaemun, is designated as National Treasure Number One in South Korea. Completed in 1398, the gate was one of four main gates in the defensive stone wall. Goods flowed into the city through the gate, and a ...
South Korea, English Diplomatic Residence in Seoul
This image, showing the British diplomatic residence in Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Residence of the English Legation.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation as the only person in U.S. government ...
South Korea, Pleasure Pavilion in Pukhan Mountain
This image, showing a group of people gathered at a pavilion structure, with another pavilion in the background, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Pleasure Pavilion in the Pukhan.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in 1883 with a Korean delegation ...
South Korea, Nam Myo Shrines in Seoul
This image, showing a group of buildings on the outskirts of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Suburbs of Seoul, taken east of south gate. Buildings make up the 50 shrines of war god of China called Nam Myo.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He ...
South Korea, View of Houses on South Side of Seoul
This image, showing a view of houses with thatched roofs on the south side of Seoul, Korea, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image reads: “Korean hamlet, south side of Seoul, east of the south gate.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in Korea in the 1880s. He was first sent to the country in ...
South Korea, Pavilions at Huwon (Garden) in Changdok Palace in Seoul
This image, showing pavilions on the grounds of Changdeokgung or Changdok palace, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Changdeokgung was built in the 15th century as a secondary palace after the primary palace of Gyeongbokgung. Both palaces were burned down during the Japanese invasion in 1592, and Changdeokgung was the first to be rebuilt in the early 17th century (under Korean kings Sonjo and Kwanghae Kun), after ...
South Korea, Archery at Chong-Dong in Seoul
This image, showing a group of men practicing archery, is one of 43 photographs of Korea taken by George Clayton Foulk between 1883 and 1886 and held at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Foulk’s note on the image identifies the individuals from left to right: “Archery at Chong-Dong. Tiglath Pilser (a boy), Chung-Yong Muk  (interpreter), Su-il (head man of the house), Charlie ( bedroom-boy) and the captain of the Legation Guard.” Foulk was a young naval officer who served as a U.S. diplomat in ...