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Kingdoms of the Successors of Alexander: After the Battle of Ipsus, B.C. 301
Alexander the Great (356–323 BC) died suddenly at the age of 32, leaving no apparent heir or appointed successor. Some 40 years of internecine conflict followed his death, as leading generals and members of Alexander’s family vied to control different parts of the vast empire he had built. The Battle of Ipsus, fought in Phrygia, Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) in 301 BC between rival successors, resulted in the empire’s irrevocable dissolution. This late-19th century map in Latin shows the four main kingdoms that emerged after the battle ...
Contributed by
Library of Congress
Arabia, the Red Sea and Persian Gulf
This map of the Arabian Peninsula shows international borders, caravan routes, and important cities and towns. British possessions, including the port of Aden and the island of Socotra (ʻAdan and Suquṭrā, both part of present-day Yemen), are indicated by the pink coloring. The old Qatari cities of El Bedaa and Zabara (present-day Al Bida and Al Zabara) are shown. The map appeared as plate 48 in The Imperial Atlas of Modern Geography, published by the Glasgow firm of Blackie & Son in 1859 and reissued in 1860. Founded in 1809 by ...
Contributed by
Qatar National Library
Basutoland
This late-19th century British map shows Basutoland, as the present-day Kingdom of Lesotho then was known. A local chief, Moshoeshoe (circa 1786-1870), laid the basis for modern Lesotho in the 1820s and 1830s by uniting the clans of the small, mountainous country to resist external invaders. Sometime in the 1830s, he became King Moshoeshoe I. After repeated clashes with the South African Boers over land, Mosheoshoe appealed to the British for assistance. In 1868, his kingdom was placed under British protection. In 1871, the protectorate was annexed to the Cape ...
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Library of Congress