29 results
Kiev
This album of postcards, published in Stockholm in the early 1900s, shows the major sites of Kiev as they appeared in the late-19th century and early 20th century. This was a time of rapid industrialization in the Russian Empire, when Kiev grew into a major trade and transport center. Many of the city’s notable architectural monuments and educational and cultural institutions date from this period. The city’s electric tram system, the first in the Russian Empire, began operations in 1892 with the purchase of two electric-powered trams that ...
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Souvenir of Kiev
Souvenir of Kiev is an early 20th-century album of 25 views of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Among the sites shown are cathedrals, monasteries, monuments, educational and cultural institutions, squares, thoroughfares, the railroad station, bridges across the Dnieper River, and buildings connected with the commercial life of the city. The views in the album are collotypes, made using a chemically-based printing process that was widely employed before the invention of offset lithography. The captions on each ...
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Views of Kiev
This early 20th-century postcard album shows some of the major sites of Kiev, capital of present-day Ukraine. The album was produced by the shop of Stefan Vasilyevich Kul’zhenko, an important printer and publisher, not only in Kiev but for the whole of the Russian Empire. The album shows the major sites of Kiev as they appeared in the late-19th century and early 20th century. This was a time of rapid industrialization in the Russian Empire, when Kiev grew into a major trade and transport center. Many of the city ...
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National Parliamentary Library of Ukraine
Views of Kiev
This early 20th-century album of postcards shows the major sites of Kiev, the capital of present-day Ukraine. The late-19th–early 20th century was a period of rapid industrialization in the Russian Empire, when Kiev grew into a major trade and transport center. Many of the city’s notable architectural monuments and educational and cultural institutions date from this period. The city’s electric tram system, the first in the Russian Empire, began operations in 1892 with the purchase of two electric-powered trams that replaced older, horse-drawn cars. The cable car ...
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National Parliamentary Library of Ukraine
View of the Podil Area of Kiev
This view of Podil (also known as Podol) is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The name Podil derives from an old Slavic word meaning “lowlands.” Established before the city expanded into the surrounding hills, Podil stretches along the Dnieper River. It was where Kiev’s trade, commerce, and industry originated and where craftsmen, merchants, and fishermen sold their wares. This image shows the ...
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View of Podil and Florovsky Monastery
This view of Podil (also known as Podol) is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The name Podil derives from an old Slavic word meaning “lowlands.” Established before the city expanded into the surrounding hills, Podil stretches along the Dnieper River. It was where Kiev’s trade, commerce, and industry originated and where craftsmen, merchants, and fishermen sold their wares. This image shows the ...
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National Parliamentary Library of Ukraine
Saint Vladimir Monument
This view of the 1853 monument to Saint Vladimir overlooking the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich (circa 956–1015), or Saint Vladimir the Great, brought Christianity to the medieval polity of Kievan Rus in 988. The monument, some 18 meters high, was designed by sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky (1779–1846). The statue, which is only one quarter of ...
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View from the Dnieper River to Saint Andrew’s Mountains
This view of the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Seen in the foreground is the paddle steamer Ratmir. Above the cultivated slopes of the Apothecary Garden is Saint Andrew’s Church, which sits on the spot where Andrew is said to have erected his cross. The baroque church, completed in 1754, was designed by the Italian-born architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli (circa ...
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Kreshchatik Square
This view of Kreshchatik (or Khreshchatyk) Square is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kreshchatik Square (later called Duma Square and today known as Independence Square) is located in the city center on Kreshchatik, Kiev’s main thoroughfare. In the center of the picture is the building of the Kiev city Duma (council), which was built in 1876. The statue atop the spire on ...
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Kreshchatik, the View from the Merchants' Club
This view of Kreshchatik (or Khreshchatyk) as seen from the Merchants’ Club is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kreshchatik developed as Kiev’s main thoroughfare in the 19th century and became the center of the city’s commercial life as Kiev underwent rapid economic growth during the industrial revolution. The street has an air of prosperity, reflected in the handsome stone buildings, the ...
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Railroad Bridge
This view of the railroad bridge across the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The bridge was constructed by Amand Struve (1835–98), the engineer who also built Kiev’s electric tram system and its central sewer system. Finished in 1870, the bridge was the first all-metal bridge across the Dnieper and one of the longest in the empire, spanning nearly ...
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Kreshchatik from Bessarabka Square
This view of Kreshchatik (or Khreshchatyk) as seen from Bessarabka Square is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kreshchatik developed as Kiev’s main thoroughfare in the 19th century and became the center of the city’s commercial life as Kiev underwent rapid economic growth during the industrial revolution. Bessarabka Square is located at the southwest end of Kreshchatik, and takes its name from ...
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General View of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
This view of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, also called the Monastery of the Kiev Caves (pechera means cave; lavra indicates a monastery of status), is a large complex founded in 1051 by a monk named Anthony in caves dug out of the hillside. The monastery soon became the center of Christianity in Russia and played an important ...
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View of the Old City of Kiev
This view of the old city of Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Vladimir Hill, one of the oldest places in Kiev, is part of the public Saint Michael’s Park in front of Saint Michael’s Monastery, laid out after a monument to Prince Vladimir the Great was built there in 1853. The classical Saint Alexander’s Church, built in 1842 ...
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Askold's Grave
This view of Askold's Grave is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Askold's Grave is a part of the park complex on the right bank of the Dnieper River. According to a legend, on this very spot in 882 Prince Oleg killed the princes Askold and Dir and, by some reports, usurped the throne of Kievan Rus, the polity of the region ...
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Institute for Noble Girls
This view of the Institute for Noble Girls is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The institute was founded in Kiev in 1838 as a boarding school for the daughters of impoverished nobles and later also admitted daughters of honorable citizens and merchants of the first guild. Architect V. Beretti began work that year on a huge building in classical style, which was completed ...
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Assumption Cathedral
This view of Assumption Cathedral is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Also known as the Cathedral of the Dormition, Assumption Cathedral is a major building within the large monastery complex of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. It was originally built in the 1070s by Prince Sviatoslav Jaroslavovich but was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. After a fire in 1718, extensive redesign resulted in the building in ...
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Railroad Station
This view of the first railroad station in Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The station was designed in the old English gothic style by architect Vishnevsky and completed in 1870. It serviced two rail lines, the Kiev–Balta and Kursk–Kiev routes, also completed in 1870. The station was located in the valley of the Lybid River (a tributary of the ...
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Saint Sophia Cathedral
This view of Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The name of the cathedral comes from the sixth-century Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) and means “Holy Wisdom,” rather than dedication to a particular saint. Designed as “the new Constantinople” to represent Eastern Christianity, Saint Sophia in Kiev was first constructed in the 11th century at the height ...
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Nicholas Bridge
This view of the Nicholas Bridge across the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The bridge was designed and constructed by a British engineer, Charles Vignoles (1793–1875). When it opened in 1853, it was the first permanent bridge over the Dnieper, the earliest multi-span suspension bridge in Europe, and at 692 meters long one of the largest architectural structures of ...
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Saint Vladimir's Cathedral
This view of Saint Vladimir’s Cathedral is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The cathedral was built to mark the 900th anniversary of the conversion to Christianity of Kievan Rus by Prince Vladimir (or Volodymyr) Sviatoslavich, later Saint Vladimir the Great. Construction started in 1862 and finished in 1896, when the completion was celebrated in the presence of the Russian royal family. The ...
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