77 results in English
Photographs of the Jing-Zhang (Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway Construction
Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction) is an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of Shanghai. The construction had three phases: the first line, from Fengtai to Nankou, was completed in September 1906. The second line, from Nankou to Kangzhuang, was ...
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Railway Bridge near Gare d'Auteuil
The Franco-Prussian War was brought about by rising tensions between France and Prussia in the 1860s. France, under Emperor Napoleon III, was determined to check the growth of Prussian power and avenge what it saw as a series of diplomatic humiliations. Prussia, under Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, believed that a Prussian-led war of the German states against France would be a decisive act leading to creation of a unified German empire. The conflict began on July 19, 1870, when France declared war. The French army proved woefully unprepared and suffered ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Partial View of the Mantiqueira Mountains
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line was ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Viaduct, at Kilometer 20 Meter 160
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Bridge, at Kilometer 28 Meter 8
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Bridge, at Kilometer 32 Meter 12
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Passa Quatro Bridge, at Kilometer 34, One Span of 20 Meters and Another of 12 Meters
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Bridge over the River Ribeirão Dos Santos, at Kilometer 65
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Embankment Bridge, at Kilometer 73 Meter 18
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Bridge over the River Verde, at Kilometer 74, One Span of 36 Meters
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Bridge over the River Verde, at Kilometer 127, Three Spans of 20 Meters
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Bridge over the River Lambary, at Kilometer 157, One Span of 26 Meters
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Number 5 Overpass Bridge at the Xibianmen Gate
This photograph shows an overpass bridge along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway; this overpass was located at the Xibianmen Gate. Rail workers are seen on the bridge above the tracks. There were a number of these overpasses along the Jing-Zhang railway line. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without ...
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The Number 12 Dashiqiao River Bridge
This photograph shows an overpass bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The bridge was located at Dashiqiao. In this image, the river flows under the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by ...
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The Number 14 Jianting Bridge
This photograph shows an overpass bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The bridge was located at Jianting. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of Shanghai. The construction had ...
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Frontal View of the Number 15 Nanshahe River Bridge
This photograph shows a frontal view of a bridge over the Nanshahe River. The bridge was located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. A railway maintenance car is on the bridge, filled with rail workers who are examining the tracks. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign ...
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Side View of the Number 15 Nanshahe River Bridge
This photograph shows a side view of a bridge over the Nanshahe River. The bridge was located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. Rail workers can be seen standing on the far left. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were ...
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Overview of the Number 15 Nanshahe River Bridge
This photograph shows a side view of a bridge over the Nanshahe River. The bridge, shown here in its entirety, was located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 ...
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Side View of a Passing Train on the Number 16 Beishahe River Bridge
This photograph shows a side view of a train, used both for passengers and for freight, passing over the Beishahe River on a bridge located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between ...
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Side View of the Number 16 Beishahe River Bridge
This photograph shows a side view of a bridge over the Beishahe River. The bridge, shown here in its entirety, was located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. A rail worker, who is stripped down to the waist and holds a hammer, is seen standing on the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed ...
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Side View of the Number 20 Xindian Bridge
This photograph shows a side view of the Xindian Bridge, located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. A man stands atop the bridge, under which is a dry riverbed. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and ...
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The Number 23 Xiunikeng Bridge
This photograph shows the Xiunikeng Bridge, located south of the Dongyuan railway station on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The bridge is surrounded by high mountains. On either side of the bridge is a strong white pier. Crossing the bridge is a railway maintenance car with four people inside. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China ...
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The Number 24 Yaodinggou Bridge
This photograph shows the Yaodinggou Bridge, located along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. Along this railway, several bridges were built with arches, a construction method used to minimize damage to the bridges caused by the pounding of river waves during floods. The photograph also shows four workers in a railway maintenance car on the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan ...
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The Number 26 Zhan'gou Bridge
This photograph shows the Zhan’gou Bridge, a bridge with five arches located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. Arches were used in bridge construction to minimize damage to the bridges caused by the pounding of river waves during floods. The high mountains seen in the background suggest the difficulty of building a railway in this area. Several torn posters can be seen on the side wall of the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in ...
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The Number 27 Bridge, Outside of the South Entrance of the Juyongguan Pass Tunnel
This photograph shows the bridge located at the south entrance of the tunnel at Juyongguan Pass. This is one of the four tunnels excavated along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. In the background is the Great Wall of China. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement ...
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The Number 28 Sanqiaozi Village Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Sanqiaozi Village. This is a small bridge with one arch. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of ...
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West View of the Number 29 Siqiaozi Village Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at the village of Siqiaozi. This is a small bridge with one arch. The bridge is seen here from the west. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken ...
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East View of the Number 29 Siqiaozi Village Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Siqiaozi Village. This is a small bridge with one arch. The bridge is seen here from the east. On the wall of the bridge are posters with advertisements. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign ...
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The Number 30 Juyong Shangguan Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Juyong Shangguan. Under the bridge is the dry riverbed, and a camel caravan can be seen. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 ...
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View of a Passing Train on the Number 32 Sanbao Inclined Bridge
This photograph shows an inclined bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Sanbao. A freight train is passing on the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of ...
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Overview of a Passing Train on the Number 34 Bridge at the North Entrance of the Wuguitou Tunnel
This photograph shows the north entrance of Wuguitou Tunnel, one of the four large tunnels excavated along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The Chinese characters on the facade of the tunnel entrance read, “Wuguitou Tunnel.” The other two lines of text on the facade are illegible. A passing freight train is seen on the bridge tracks. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial ...
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The Number 37 Inclined Bridge on the North of Shifosi Tunnel
This photograph shows an inclined bridge located on the north side of the Shifosi Tunnel along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of Shanghai ...
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The Number 37 Liulangying Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line, situated at Liulangying. Liulangying, located in Yanqing County, is known for its cliff carvings. A railway maintenance car is seen here on the bridge. On the wall of the bridge are posters advertising a tobacco company. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built ...
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The Number 38 Bridge at the Entrance of Qinglongqiao Village
This photograph shows a small bridge with one arch on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line, situated at the village of Qinglongqiao. Behind the bridge are high mountains. On the bridge are three railway workers and a maintenance car. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The ...
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The Number 40 Bridge Outside of the South Entrance of the Badaling Tunnel
This photograph depicts a bridge outside the south entrance of the Badaling Tunnel along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. A railway maintenance car can be seen here with three rail workers. Under the bridge is a caravan of mules and several mule-drivers. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese ...
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The Number 41 Bridge at the North Side of the Badaling Tunnel
This photograph shows a bridge along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated on the north side of the Badaling Tunnel. On the bridge are seven people, five of them in the railway maintenance car and two standing beside the tracks. Under the bridge are two camels and a camel driver. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China ...
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The Number 42 Bridge South of Chadaocheng
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated south of Chadaocheng. The Great Wall of China can be seen in the background. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng ...
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The Number 43 Bridge West of Chadaocheng
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated west of Chadaocheng. The Great Wall of China is in the background. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio ...
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The Number 44 Longtan'gou Bridge
This photograph shows an arch bridge along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Longtan'gou. Workers in a railway maintenance car are on top of the bridge. Under the bridge is a dry riverbed. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album ...
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The Number 45 Xibozi Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge along the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Xibozi. On the tracks is a railway maintenance car, with three people inside. Under the bridge is a caravan of mules, carrying heavy loads on their backs. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement ...
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The Number 46 Xiaohongshan'gou Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at Xiaohongshan'gou. Rail workers are seen here at work on the tracks and under the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 ...
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The Number 47 Paoshanghe Bridge
This photograph shows a bridge on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway, situated at the Paoshanghe River. Under the bridge is the dry riverbed. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of ...
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