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On the Sphere and the Cylinder; On the Measurement of the Circle; On Conoids and Spheroids; On Spirals; On the Equilibrium of Planes; On the Quadrature of the Parabola; The Sand Reckoner
In the middle of the 15th century, a number of manuscripts by the thirdcentury BC Greek mathematician Archimedes began to circulate in the humanistic centers in the courts of Italy. Piero della Francesca (circa 1416–92), the Renaissance artist best known for the frescos he painted for the Vatican and for the chapels in Arezzo, transcribed a copy of a Latin translation of Archimedes’s geometry (a compilation of seven surviving treatises) and illustrated it with more than 200 drawings representing the mathematical theorems in the texts. This manuscript, long ...


The Recension of Euclid's "Elements"
This work is a printed edition of Kitāb taḥrīr uṣūl liUqlīdus (The recension of Euclid's Elements) by one of the intellectual luminaries of the Islamic world, the Persian polymath Naṣīr alDīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad alṬūsī (1201–74). After his death alṬūsī was referred to as almuʿallim althālith (the third teacher, with Aristotle and Fārābī referred to as the first and second teachers, respectively). An extraordinarily prolific author, alṬūsī made notable contributions to most of the intellectual fields of his era, writing on theology, mysticism, logic ...


The Commentary of the Šayḫ, the Head, the Extremely Knowledgeable Aḥmad alŠāfiʻī alJanājī alMālikī on the Commentary of the Šayḫ alIslām Zakarīyā alAnṣārī on the Compendium on the Science of Algebra and Equations by Ibn alHāʼim
The Arabic mathematical tradition, which flourished during the Middle Ages, transmitted and enriched the knowledge derived from Greek and Indian sources. Arabic mathematicians further developed these studies, seeking to answer theoretical as well as practical problems. Medieval Arabic mathematical treatises were extensively copied, studied, and commented upon in subsequent centuries, as exemplified in this manuscript. This supercommentary (commentary on a commentary) by Aḥmad Muhammad alŠāfiʻī alJanājī alMālikī elucidates an earlier commentary by Zakarīyā ibn Muḥammad alAnṣārī (circa 1420–1519) on a work by Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad alFarāḍī ibn alHāʼim (circa ...
