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- David H. Burr (1803–75) was a surveyor and cartographer, who served as topographer to the United States Post Office Department in 1832–38 and as geographer to the House of Representatives in 1838–47. Under the direction of the postmaster general, Burr compiled information from postmasters throughout the country about transportation routes—post roads, railroads, and canals—and the location of post offices to produce a large set of state and regional maps. Published in 1839 by the prominent London mapmaking firm of John Arrowsmith, Burr’s The American Atlas offers a detailed picture of settlement and transportation patterns in the United States in the decades before the Civil War. Shown here is Burr’s map of Florida, one of 13 maps in the atlas. The United States acquired Florida from Spain under the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819, which was ratified in 1821. The Territory of Florida was organized in 1822, but Florida did not become a state—the 27th in the Union—until March 3, 1845. As can be seen in the map, in 1839 the territory was sparsely populated with few roads and towns and, as yet, no railroad. The extreme western part of the territory, the Florida Panhandle, is shown in the inset map at the lower left.
Type of Item
- 1 map from loose-leaf atlas : hand colored, mounted on cloth ; 130 x 130 centimeters or smaller, folded in case 50 x 33 x 7 centimeters