View of the Philadelphia Volunteer Refreshment Saloons

Description

This Civil War souvenir print contains six views of the Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon and of the Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloon in Philadelphia. The street addresses of both saloons are shown. The relief organization establishments, situated at the transportation hub between the North and South, provided hospital care, washing, sleeping, and writing facilities to more than 1 million military personnel, sailors, refugees, and freedmen in the course of the war. The print features a large central view of the exterior of the Union saloon with troops arriving and entering the dining saloon, while others depart on the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad. Other views depict soldiers using the washbasins at the Cooper Shop saloon; pro-Union flags and saloon banners; the Union saloon's washing department and its cooking department (in which an African American man is seen carrying a pail of food); and interiors of both saloons where male and female volunteers attend to long tables of food. Above the scenes is an eagle clutching American flags and a pro-Union banner. The work is by James Fuller Queen, a Philadelphia lithographer and pioneer chromolithographer. Queen served in the Civil War militia in 1862–63 and created several lithographs with Civil War subjects, including views of and contribution certificates for the city's relief institutions.

Last updated: December 12, 2013