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- This eight-page manifesto, issued by an outlawed Cameroonian political party, the Union des Populations du Cameroun (Union of the Peoples of Cameroon [UPC]), outlines the party's position vis-à-vis the independence of Cameroon. The manifesto was written in December 1959 and was signed by the party’s president, Félix-Roland Moumié. Cameroon is the only African country that, in the course of its history, was ruled by three different European colonial powers: Britain, France, and Germany. It became a German colony in 1884. After World War I, a League of Nations mandate assigned about 80 percent of its territory to France, and 20 percent to Britain. After World War II, the UPC led the fight for independence, but the party developed in a radical direction and was outlawed by the French for resorting to violence. On January 1, 1960, French Cameroon became independent. In October 1961, the southern part of British Cameroon joined the new Federal Republic of Cameroon, while the northern section voted for unification with Nigeria. Moumié was assassinated in Geneva in 1960.
Imprimerie nationale, Conakry
Title in Original Language
Position de l'U.P.C. vis-à-vis de l'Indépendance du Kamerun
Type of Item