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- This late-19th century photograph is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855-1924) was an American writer of books on travel and world geography whose works helped to popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the United States in the early years of the 20th century. Consisting of photographs taken and gathered by Carpenter and his daughter Frances (1890-1972) to illustrate his writings, the collection includes an estimated 16,800 photographs and 7,000 glass and film negatives. Tawhiao (1822-94) was a Maori chief known as the second Maori king. His 34-year reign (1860-94) spanned the most difficult period of relations between the Maoris and the European settlers. A realist and a pacifist, he renounced the warfare with the Europeans for which his father was so famous. Instead, he sought and gained recognition as a visionary and spiritual leader.
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