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- Nauru is an island country located in the central Pacific that has been inhabited for thousands of years by people of Micronesian and Polynesian origin. In 1888, Imperial Germany took over the island. At the end of World War I, the Treaty of Versailles stripped Germany of its colonies. The League of Nations, established by the treaty, conferred a mandate on Great Britain to administer the territory under a trusteeship. Australia, whose troops had occupied the island in 1914, took control of the island, with Britain and New Zealand acting as co-trustees. The text of the League of Nations mandate, shown here, prohibits forced labor, the establishment of military or naval bases, and “the supply of intoxicating spirits and beverages” to the native population. Nauru was seized by Japan in World War II and later retaken by Australian forces. In 1968 it became an independent country.
Printed and published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London
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