Mirror of the Souls


The Maronite theologian and philosopher Buṭrus al-Tūlānī (1655–1745) was active as a teacher, preacher, and writer. This manuscript, dated 1822 and with the author’s full name given on folio 2r, contains a Garshuni (Arabic language in Syriac script) copy of his Mirror of the Souls (Mir’āt al-Nufūs), a work on contemplative prayer. Other copies of this work are (or were) known to exist elsewhere in Lebanon and Syria. Unlike the rest of the volume, the colophon of this manuscript is in Arabic, not Syriac, letters; the title is also given there as The Mirror of the Soul (singular).

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

مرآة النفوس

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

135 folios, 16.6 x 11.1 centimeters

Last updated: January 11, 2012