Description

  • Willem Kieft (1597–1647) was a Dutch merchant who was appointed by the West India Company as director-general of New Netherland in 1638. Kieft instituted a harsh policy toward the Indians of the colony, whom he attempted to tax and drive from their land. In 1643, a contingent of soldiers under Kieft attacked a Raritan village on Staten Island in a dispute over pigs allegedly stolen from a Dutch farm. This led to the bloody, two-year conflict known as Kieft’s war, which raged in parts of what is now the New York metropolitan area (Jersey City, New Jersey, and Lower Manhattan) from 1643 to 1645, pitting the Dutch against a confederation of Algonquin tribes. The West India Company removed Kieft from his post in 1647 and replaced him with Peter Stuyvesant, the last director-general of New Netherland before the colony was taken over by the English in 1664. This handwritten journal by an unknown Dutch colonist, from the manuscript collections of the National Library of the Netherlands, is an important source for the study of Kieft’s governorship, the war, and New Netherland in the 1640s.

Date Created

Publication Information

  • New Amsterdam

Language

Title in Original Language

  • Journael van Nieu Nederlandt 1647. Beschreven in de jaeren 1641. 1642. 1643. 1644. 1645. en 1646

Place

Time Period

Topic

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

  • Pen and ink, 17 x 21 centimeters

Collection

Institution