Saint Augustine Map, 1589
This engraved hand-colored map or view-plan by Baptista Boazio depicts Sir Francis Drake's attack on Saint Augustine on May 28-29, 1586. Boazio, an Italian who worked in London from about 1585 to 1603, made maps to illustrate accounts of English expeditions and campaigns. He prepared a series of maps marking Drake's route for Walter Bigges' work on Drake's expedition to the West Indies, first published in 1588 and followed by later editions. This map highlights an episode from Drake's Caribbean expedition, pictorially portraying how the English corsair (privateer) captured and burned the fort and city of Saint Augustine. The plan includes an illustration of a mahi-mahi, also known as a dolphinfish, which Boazio most likely copied from drawings by John White, governor of the Raleigh settlement in what was then Virginia (present-day North Carolina). Boazio’s map is the earliest engraving of any city or territory now part of the United States. Another version of the map survives in the collections of the Library of Congress. The two maps differ in their coloring, but are otherwise identical.
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Last updated: September 25, 2015