• This map compares the voyages of the British explorer David Livingstone (1813-73), who traveled down the Zambezi River in 1851-56, and the German Heinrich Barth (1821-65) who, between 1850 and 1855, explored much of western Africa and the Sahara. Barth traveled to western Sudan, Chad, and northern Nigeria, where he researched the decline of the Fulani Empire and the history of the Hausa people, and recorded local languages and histories. In 1855, he spent eight months in Timbuktu, where he studied the Islamic culture of West Africa. Barth later published, in English and German, his five-volume Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa (1857-58), regarded as a masterpiece of geographic research. This map is by the prominent German cartographer August Petermann (1822-78), and was published by the Gotha firm of Justus Perthes.



Date Created

Publication Information

  • Justus Perthes, Gotha


Title in Original Language

  • Kartenskizze von Africa zur vergleichenden Übersicht der Reisen Dr. Barth's und Dr. Livingstone's


Time Period


Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

  • 1 map : color ; 25 x 19 centimeters