Qurʼanic Verses


This calligraphic fragment includes verses 10-11 of the 48th chapter of the Qurʼan, entitled Surat al-Fath (Victory). This surah dates from the Medinan period and contains 29 verses. It describes how triumph comes from courage, faith, and patience if the believer stays true to God: anyone who violates His [God's] oath, does so to the harm of his own soul, and anyone who fulfils what he has convenanted with God, God will soon grant him a reward (48:10). The text is executed in Kufi script with black ink on parchment. The text on the fragment's recto is executed on the hair side of the parchment and thus is well preserved. The text on the fragment's verso has worn off substantially, due to its execution on the flesh side of the parchment. Diacritics appear as red dots, although some dots in yellow, green, and blue are included as well. A verse marker between verses 10 and 11 is placed in the upper left corner of the folio's recto. As it is a tenth-verse marker, it takes the shape of a gold-painted medallion with the word 'ashar (ten) inscribed in its center. The text is executed in the style typical of horizontal Qurʼans produced on parchment during the ninth century.

Last updated: April 16, 2015