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- This map of Mexico City was made to support an early effort at urban improvement carried out by Viceroy Juan Vicente Güemes Pacheco de Padilla Revillagigedo (1740-99), who served as the 52nd viceroy of New Spain in the period from 1789 to 1794. During his tenure, this enlightened official undertook a massive overhaul of the social, financial, and administrative organization of New Spain. He ordered the first census, reorganized the militia, strengthened frontier garrisons, and promoted further exploration of the Pacific coast. This map reflects the viceroy's interest in improving the capital city through paving, lighting, and public health projects. The map includes an extensive keyed legend and notes on urban development, and is color coded to indicate the condition of streets and houses and to provide information about drainage. This map is a copy of Ignacio Castera's original map prepared by Manuel Ygnacio de Jesus de Aguila in 1794.
Title in Original Language
Plano ichnographico de la ciudad de Mexico que demuestra el reglamento general de sus calles asi para la comodidad y hermosura, como para la correccion y extirpacion de las maldades ge. hay en sus barrios, por la infinidad de sitios escondidos, callejones sin transito, ruinas y paderones que las ocasionan, a pesar del zelo de los justics. de orden del Exmo. Sr. Conde Revilla Gigedo por el Mtro. Mayor D. Ignacio Castera
Type of Item
- 1 pen-and-ink and watercolor manuscript map ; 42 x 46 centimeters
- Scale approximately 1:15,000