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- Between 1708 and 1717, Jesuit missionaries resident in China supervised a comprehensive survey of the Chinese empire at the request of the emperor. Cartographic materials produced by this survey were brought from China to Paris, where they were used by Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (1697−1782), the great cartographer, geographer, and map collector, to compile his Nouvel atlas de la Chine, de la Tartarie Chinoise et du Thibet (New atlas of China, Chinese Tartary, and Tibet). This atlas was published in Holland in 1737 as a companion work to Father J.-B. Du Halde’s Description géographique, historique, chronologique, politique, et physique de l'empire de la Chine (Geographic, historical, chronological, political, and physical description of the Chinese Empire), published in 1735. The map presented here, of China, Korea, and the neighboring parts of Central Asia then known as Tartary, in Dutch and French, is an adaptation of one of D’Anville’s maps. The subtitle, in Dutch at the bottom and in French in the cartouche, states that it is based on the Jesuit surveys. Place-names are in French and Dutch, with the Dutch translations sometimes given in brackets. The Great Wall, in northern China, is shown. The scale is in French leagues, and the prime meridian is set at Ferro Island, the southwestern-most of the Canary Islands.
Title in Original Language
La Chine avec la Korée et les Parties de la Tartarie : les plus voisines, tirée des Cartes que les Jesuites Missionaires ont levées les Annees 1708 jusqu'en 1717
Type of Item
- 1 map ; 40 x 33 centimeters