The Empire and Expeditions of Alexander the Great

Description

This 1833 map in Latin shows the conquests of Alexander the Great (356–323 BC), whose empire stretched from present-day Greece through Turkey and the Middle East to Afghanistan. In 326 BC Alexander set out to conquer India, but he was stymied when his exhausted armies mutinied on the banks of the Hyphasis River (now known as the Beas River) in northern India. The map shows the cities that Alexander founded and named after himself, including Alexandria Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan), Alexandria Ariana (Herat, Afghanistan), Alexandria, Egypt, and many others. Place-names are shown in their traditional Latin versions, such as Arabia Deserta and Arabia Felix. A noteworthy feature of the map is the inclusion, in the lower left, of three scales with different measures of distance used in the ancient world, the Stadium Quorum, the Miliara Romana, and the Leucae Gallicae. The map is by Félix Delamarche, an engineer, geographer, and globe maker, who was the son of the important French mapmaker Charles-François Delamarche (1740–1817). Félix continued his father's work, and in 1820 he produced the Atlas de la géographie ancienne et moderne (Atlas of ancient and modern geography), which was used at the French military academy of Saint-Cyr and reprinted several times in the 19th century.

Last updated: July 16, 2013